In some societies, recent adoption of the practice is linked to copying the traditions of neighbouring groups. FGM is often motivated by beliefs about what is considered acceptable sexual behaviour.
More recent research shows that women who have experienced any type of FGM, including clitoridectomy, run a greater risk of complications during childbirth.
The continuation of FGM sustains massive gender inequalities in practising societies, as it limits opportunities for women and girls to realize their full rights and potential. Psychosexual problems may result from the pain associated with the procedure, painful menstruation, or painful intercourse that may occur as a result of the procedure.
In some cultures, FGM is used to initiate girls into adulthood and to ensure their marriageability. Culture and the preservation of cultural identity serve as the underlying impetus for continuing the practice. Including instruction on the harmful effects of such practices in health and sex education programs.
Mobilizing communities to develop their own FGM eradication strategies. Including instruction on the harmful effects of such practices in health and sex education programs. The practice is most common in the western, eastern, and north-eastern regions of Africa, in some countries the Middle East and Asia, as well as among migrants from these areas.
Pregnant women carry a greater risk of needing a caesarean section or an episiotomy and may experience postpartum hemorrhage. The Convention establishes the rights of children to gender equality Art. Local structures of power and authority, such as community leaders, religious leaders, circumcisers, and even some medical personnel can contribute to upholding the practice.
There are several provisions of the Convention which require States parties to take action against such practices as FGM, namely: Making a strong and visible political commitment to ending FGM.
These efforts should entail: Inas a direct result of the efforts of the Somali women's movement, Somalia established a Commission to abolish infibulation.
Some of these complications include but are not limited to: Progress at both international and local levels includes: Introducing topics related to traditional practices affecting the health of women and children into literacy campaigns. This can be performed with or without excision of the labia majora and is known as excision.
In Burkina-Faso and Egypt, resolutions were signed by the respective Ministers of Health inrecommending that only partial clitoridectomy be allowed, and decreeing that it be performed only by doctors.
This may result in the rejection of the infertile woman by her husband and his family. One cannot but consider Member States which tolerate these practices as infringing their obligations as assumed under the terms of the Charter [of the UN].
There are four different types of FGM and they all differ in severity. The record is equally dismal in the U. This is done while the girl is awake, with no local or general anesthesia. Procedures are mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and adolescence, and occasionally on adult women.
The World Conference supports all measures by the United Nations and its specialized agencies to ensure the effective protection and promotion of human rights of the girl-child.
Physical health implications may include severe bleeding or hemorrhaging, shock from the pain associated with the procedure, risk of infections - especially when unsterile cutting instruments are used or if they are used on several girls at once - and urinary retention.
Although is it stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that everyone has the right to practice their own religion, this is unacceptable. Though no religious scripts prescribe the practice, practitioners often believe the practice has religious support.
Even when they are older, they are taken to have this done by their parents who they think they can trust. Religious leaders take varying positions with regard to FGM: FGM is often considered a necessary part of raising a girl properly, and a way to prepare her for adulthood and marriage.Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital Mutilation is believed to have started in Egypt 2, years ago and spread from there.
Only a few years ago, FGM was considered a cultural tradition, but now the United Nations has labeled it as a violation of human rights. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a form of violence against women and girls, IPPF are working with member associations to help put a stop to the dangerous practice that affects millions of.
She said while Liberia is among four African countries that are yet to prohibit FGM, 28 other countries that once practiced the culture have abolished it because they believe it.
Female Genital Mutilation, or FGM, is probably the most difficult subject I have written about so far. It is a barbaric act committed against young girls.
FGM has no health benefits and is considered a human rights violation by most, if not all, of the international community. FGM is internationally recognised as a violation of human rights and constitutes an extreme form of violence against women.
2 There is a worldwide effort to eliminate the practice which is supported by many international and regional treaties as well as consensus documents. FGM violates women's and children's human rights, including their rights to health, to be free from violence, to life and physical integrity, to non-discrimination, and to be free from cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment.Download